The Recruit Works Institute, a research institute into people and organizations belonging to Recruit Holdings Co., Ltd., as the world’s unique attempt of its kind, has conducted a survey on the actual situation on finding employment and changing jobs for university graduates in their 20s and 30s in 13 countries worldwide, including 8 countries in Asia. In this report, we focus on Asia, and report on the survey results for China, Korea, India, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam and Japan.
Summary of Survey
- The world’s unique survey to make possible multicountry comparisons of the actual employment situation of young people in Asia.
-We clarify the actual situation on finding employment and changing jobs for employed university graduates in their 20s and 30s working in urban areas.
- A survey designed and conducted by the Recruit Works Institute, which has a strong record of conducting research into employment of young people in Japan.
Until now, there has been no data available which makes comparisons possible, so that the actual situation of finding employment and changing jobs for young people in Asia has not been clear. At the Recruit Works Institute , we have collected basic information relating to the actual employment situation of young people in Asia and conducted a multi-national survey in order to clarify the common features and differences relating to Asia. The targets of our survey were China, Korea, India, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam and Japan. Moreover, to confirm the relative position of Asia, we also conducted a survey of the USA, Brazil, Germany, Russia and Australia.
Even if statistical figures exist for a particular country, if the domestic situation of that country is rich in diversity, it may be the case that any “average values” for that country will not have much meaning. In other words, it is important to know who the data is on, and to focus the survey accordingly. This survey was conducted to target university graduates in their 20s and 30s working in urban areas: the people shouldering the development of the economies of their respective countries. Furthermore, in this report we limit our analysis to people in employment.
The Recruit Works Institute belongs to Recruit Holdings Co., Ltd., which operates human resource businesses mainly in Japan, and conducts research into people and organizations. We have a strong record of conducting research into employment of young people in Japan, and designed and conducted this survey with an expanded perspective to include other Asian countries.
Summary of Key Results
■ In terms of the channel of finding their first job, a large proportion of respondents in India, China, Korea said that it was “University,” while in Japan and Malaysia a large proportion used a “Job search website or publication.” In Vietnam and Indonesia a large proportion were “Introduced by family or an acquaintance.” …p.3
■ The number of times of changing job was most in Indonesia at 1.64 changes, followed by Malaysia at 1.59 changes, then Thailand at 1.54 changes, etc. …p.3
■ The reason for leaving first job in all countries except for Japan was “Dissatisfied with salary,” or “Dissatisfied with working conditions, place of assignment, etc.” …p.4
■ The proportion of respondents who said that their annual income had “Increased” after changing job was highest in China at 83.7%, followed by Indonesia at 78.3%, then India at 75.9% etc. …p.5
■ The highest proportion of respondents in all countries except for Japan said that the most important thing for them when they work is “High salary, substantial employee benefits and welfare,” while the second most popular answer was “Clear career path,” for China and Indonesia, “Employment stability” for India, Thailand and Malaysia, “Appropriate work hours and holidays,” for Korea, and “Education and training opportunities,” for Vietnam, etc. …p.5
■ The annual income for 2011 was highest in Japan, while the country with the largest variation in annual income was India …p.6